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Have you ever wondered why authors write? Sometimes they are inspired to create stories. Other times they write to provide information about an interesting topic. Some authors write to convince us about something. Whatever the circumstances, authors have reasons for writing; this is called, the "author' s purpose. " The three most common types of author' s purpose are: to entertain, to inform, and to persuade.
Think about the last time a story made you laugh, cry, or tremble with fright. These types of stories are written with a particular purpose in mind: to entertain the reader. Authors write many kinds of stories to entertain, including humorous fiction, realistic fiction, fantasy, fairy tales, and fables. While fiction entertains, non-fiction has a different purpose.
Many non-fiction writings or texts are written with the purpose of giving information about an interesting topic. Authors who write to inform must research their subject to ensure that they convey accurate information to the reader. Some examples of texts that inform are encyclopedia entries, news articles, expository non-fiction books, and interviews. All of these types of writing give information about certain topics.
Sometimes authors write because they want to convince their readers about something. This is called argumentative, or persuasive writing. Oftentimes, texts that are meant to persuade use specific techniques to make the reader care about the subject, and to think about it in a certain way. These techniques might be found in letters to the editor, argumentative essays, or persuasive speeches.
Next time you read a text, see if you can figure what the author is trying to tell you. It might be easier than you think. Just ask yourself: what is the author' s purpose?
52. Which of the following is most likely the title of a passage in which the author' s purpose is to
A. Why Dogs are Smarter than Cats
B. An Interview with J. K. Rowling
C. The Adventures of Waldo Wizard
D. An Argument for Shorter Classes
53. According to the passage, authors who write to inform want to
A. provide information about a certain topic
B. make the reader laugh, cry, or scream
C. convince the reader to do something
D. invite the reader to critique their work
54. According to the passage, texts that are meant to persuade often
A. do not get as much attention as texts that entertain or inform
B. are very entertaining because they convince readers to laugh
C. use specific techniques to make the reader care about the subject
D. require a lot of research in order to ensure accuracy of information
55. The author' s purpose in writing this passage is
A. to persuade
B. to convince
C. to entertain
D. to inform
V. Daily Conversation (15 points)
Directions: Pick out five appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
A. when did you get back
B. What a surprise I got
C. How I admire you
D. I am Tom
E. got hold of
F. got through to
G. this is Tom
H. tried to contact you
Philip: Hello ! Is that you, Tom?
Tom: Yes, 56
Philip: I can't believe I 57 you at last. And what have you been doing?
Tom : Yeah, I haven't been home a lot lately. And I've had a lot of work and social engagements. Oh, Philip, 58 to London?
Philip: I just came back about a week ago, I 59 by phone several times, but you were not in.
Tom: Sorry, Sorry. Did you have a nice holiday, then?
Philip: Lovely. I went to Scotland and traveled around.
Tom: 60 ! I need a holiday indeed.
Philip : Well, I suppose so.
Tom: Oh , somebody's at the door. I have to go. And I have to say" good-bye" . Nice talking to you.
Philip : Same here, bye-bye.
Ⅵ. Writing (25 points)
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write an announcement in English in 100-120 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.
61．以外语系(Foreign Languages Department)的名义写一份会议通知。通知内容如下：
1.A 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.D
Ⅱ．Vocabulary and Structure
6.C 7.A 8.D 9.C l0.B ll.B l2.A l3.D l4.B l5.C l6.B l7.D 18.B l9.C 20.D
21.A 22.C 23.A 24.D 25.D 26.A 27.B 28.B 29.B 30.C 31.C 32.D 33.A 34.B 35.D
36.B 37.A 38.B 39.D 40.C 41.C 42.C 43.C 44.B 45.C 46.C 47.D 48.D 49.C 50.D 51.B 52.C 53.A 54.C 55.D
56.G 57.F 58.A 59.H 60.C
All faculty members in our department are requested to meet in the college conference room on Saturday, August 18, at 2 : 00 pm to discuss questions concerning international academic exchanges.
Dr. Alan Smith, the chairperson of the English Department of Achievement University, Canada,will be here to give a speech especially on international exchange programs. He will introduce some programs that might be suitable for both our faculty members and students in our department.
Li Yuan, our chairperson will introduce two international meetings on the field of language learning and teaching.
Be here on time.
Foreign Languages Department