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Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)
Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Every morning, kids from a local high school are working hard. They are making and selling special coffee at a coffee oaf6. They are also making a lot of money.
These students can make up to twelve hundred dollars a day. They are selling their special coffee to airplane passengers. After the students get paid, the rest of the money goes to helping a local youth project.
These high school students use a space in the Oakland airport. It is usually very crowded. Many people who fly on the planes like to drink the special coffee.
One customer thinks that the coffee costs a lot but it is good and worth it. Most customers are pleasant but some are unhappy. They do not like it if the coffee cafe is not open for business.
The students earn $6.10 an hour plus tips. They also get school credit while they learn how to run a business. Many of the students enjoy the work although it took some time to learn how to do it.
They have to learn how to steam milk, load the pots, and add flavor. It takes some skill and sometimes mistakes are made. The most common mistake is forgetting to add the coffee.
36. Based on the passage, it seems that the purpose of the cafe is to
A. learn a skill
B. help a youth project
C. do business
D. earn school credit
37. Many of the students the work although it took some time to learn how to do it.
B. have to do
38. By selling special coffee at a coffee cafe, the students are
A. gaining a lot of experience
B. making a lot of money
C. having a lot of trouble
D. learning a lot of knowledge
39. The best title for the passage could be
A. Earning Money
B. Students' Life
C. Little Business
D. Kids' Cafe
Human needs seem endless. They might be regarded as making up several levels. When there is enough money to satisfy one level of needs, another level appears.
The first and most basic level of needs involves food. Once this level is satisfied, the second level of needs, clothing and some sort of shelter, appears. By the end of World War Ⅱ , these needs were satisfied for a great majority of Americans. Then a third level appeared. It included such items as automobiles and new houses.
By 1957 or 1958 this third level of needs was fairly well satisfied. Then, in the late 1950s, a fourth level of needs appeared: the "life-enriching level. While the other levels involve physical satisfaction, that is, the feeding, comfort, safety, and transportation, this level stresses mental needs for recognition, achievement, and happiness. It includes a variety of goods and services. Among them are vacation trips, the best medical and dental care, and recreation. Also included here are fancy goods and the latest styles in clothing.
On the fourth level, a lot of money is spent on services, while on the first three levels more is spent on goods.
A fifth level would probably involve needs that can be achieved best by community action.
Consumers may be spending more on taxes to pay for government action against disease, ignorance, crime, and prejudice. After filling our stomachs, our clothes closets, our garages, our teeth, and our minds, we now may seek to ensure the health, safety, and leisure to enjoy more fully the good things on the first four levels.
40. According to the passage, man will begin to think about such needs as housing and clothing only when
A. he has saved up enough money
B. he has grown dissatisfied with his simple shelter
C. he has satisfied his hunger
D. he has learned to build houses
41. It can be inferred from the passage that by the end of World War Ⅱ , most Americans
A. were very rich
B. lived in poverty
C. did not own automobiles
D. had own automobiles
42. What is the main concern of man on the fourth level?
A. The more goods the better.
B. The more "luxury" items the better.
C. The more mental satisfaction the better.
D. The more earnings the better.
43. The author tends to think that the fifth level
A. would be little better than the fourth level
B. may be a lot more desirable than the first four
C. can be the last and most satisfying level
D. will become attainable before the government takes actions
How can we get rid of garbage? Do we have enough energy sources to meet our future energy needs?
These are two important questions that many people are asking today. Some people think that man might be able to solve both problems at the same time. They suggest using garbage as an energy source, and at the time it can save the land to hold garbage.
For a long time, people buried garbage or dumped it on empty land. Now, empty land is scarce.
But more and more garbage is produced each year. However, garbage can be a good fuel to use. The things in garbage do not look like coal, petroleum, or natural gas; but they are chemically similar to these fossil fuels. As we use up our fossil-fuel supplies, we might be able to use garbage as an energy source. Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. The heat that is produced by burning garbage is used to boil water. The steam that is produced is used to make electricity or to heat nearby buildings. In Paris, France, some power plants burn almost 2 million metric tons of the cities garbage each year. The amount of energy produced is about the same as would be produced by burning almost a half million barrels of oil.
Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs.
44. What two problems can man solve by burning garbage?
A. The shortage of energy and air pollution.
B. The shortage of energy and the land to hold garbage.
C. Air pollution and the shortage of fossil fuel.
D. Air pollution and the shortage of land to hold garbage.
45. The heat that is produced by burning garbage can be used to
A. make electricity
B. make energy source
C. boil water
D. save coal
46. What is the author's attitude?
47. The best title for the passage may be
A. Garbage and the Earth
B. Fossil Fuel and Garbage
C. Land and Garbage
D. Garbage? Energy Source
Many people want to know how to analyze problems they meet. There are six stages in analyzing a problem.
First the person must recognize that there is a problem. For example, Sam's bicycle is broken,and he cannot ride it to class as he usually does. Sam must see that there is a problem with his bicycle.
Next the thinker must define the problem. Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he must find the reason why it does not work. For instance, he must determine if the problem is with the gears, the brakes, or the frame. He must make his problem more specific.
Now the person must look for information that will make the problem clearer and lead to possible solutions. For instance, suppose Sam decided that his bike does not work because there is something wrong with the gear wheels. At this time, he can look in his bicycle repair book and read about gears. He can talk to his friends at the bike shop.
After studying the problem, the person should have several suggestions for a possible solution.
Take Sam as an illustration. His suggestions might be : put oil on the gear wheels ; buy new gear wheels and replace the old ones; tighten or loosen the gear wheels.
Eventually one suggestion seems to be the solution to the problem. Sometimes the final idea comes very suddenly because the thinker suddenly sees something new or sees something in a new way. Sam, for example, suddenly sees that there is a piece of chewing gum between the gear wheels. He immediately realizes the solution to his problem: he must clean the gear wheels.
Finally the solution is tested. Sam cleans the gear wheels and finds that afterwards his bicycle works perfectly. In short, he has solved the problem.
48. In analyzing a problem we should do all the following except
A. recognize and define the problem
B. look for information to make the problem clearer
C. have suggestions for a possible solution
D. find a solution by trial or mistake
49. By referring to Sam's broken bicycle, the author intends to
A. illustrate the ways to repair his bicycle
B. discuss the problems of his bicycle
C. tell us how to solve a problem
D. show us how simple it is to repair a bicycle
50. As used in the last sentence, the phrase "in short" means
A. in the long run
B. in detail
C. in fact
D. in a word
51. What is the best title for this passage?
A. Six Stages for Repairing Sam's Bicycle.
B. Possible Steps of Problem-solving.
C. Necessities of Problem Analysis.
D. Importance of Analyzing a Problem