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Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)
Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four
questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose
one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Ronald Musoke is a college student from Uganda. He attends the College of Marin in California.
Recently he got very excited about things he found in wastebaskets. What did he find? He found outdated textbooks that had been thrown away. Some of the books had sold new for one hundred dollars. The old textbooks had been either discontinued or replaced by newer editions.
Uganda is a very poor country in Africa. When Musoke went to school in Uganda, there were never enough books. Sometimes five books were shared with one hundred fifty students. Musoke lived through the Ugandan civil war and the loss of twelve family members from AIDS.
Why is Musoke excited about the discarded textbooks.'? He wants to send them to Uganda so women have the chance to get an education. The books will be used to pay for the women's education. Musoke hopes that education will help lower the number of deaths from AIDS. Also, the books will help lower illiteracy in Uganda.
Other students are helping Musoke gather textbooks. Students are giving him books and over four thousand books have been collected. A business sponsor is helping to pay the postage for the books. Musoke and his classmates sort and pack the books.
Ugandans will be educated with the help of donated books. The College of Marin students have become connected with an African nation far away. These classmates from a wealthy county, for example, Tanya Sehwedler and her classmates, have gained greater understanding of people who struggle to live in a very poor country.
36. Books were precious in Uganda because the schools
A. didn't use them in grade school
B. no one knew how to read
C. couldn't afford enough books
D. were closed by the civil war
37. The packing and sorting is being done by
A. a business sponsor
B. other students in college
C. the College of Marin teachers
D. Musoke's college classmates
38. Tanya Sehwedler is helping pack and sort books because
A. it makes her feel good to better the lives of others
B. it may offer her experience to help her own country
C. she likes to sort and organize
D. she wants to contact with that country far away
39. The proper title for this passage is
A. Books in College of Matin
B. Ronatd Musoke and Tanya Schwedler
C. "Trashed" Books Help Ugandans
D. Poor Africa Students in the United States
Only one animal can walk 200 miles without stopping once to rest. It would take a person two days and two nights to walk this far, and only one man has ever done it without stopping. What amazing animal has such endurance? The camel ! The camel is well known for something else, too. It can cross an entire desert without a single drink of water. Its body is built in a special way to help it store water and food.
A person has just one stomach, but a camel has quite a few. Within each stomach are layers and layers of cells. These cells are like tiny water balloons, storing liquids until the camel needs them.
When the camel drinks, the cells grow larger and larger. For a whole week, they can keep the animal's thirst away by sending water to all parts of its body.
And did you ever wonder why the camel has a hump? The hump is a storage place for fat.
Because it has this storage area, the camel does not need to eat very often. When the animal needs energy, the layers of fat serve as fuel to keep it going on the long, hot days in the burning sun.
The camel has one other gift that makes it well suited to arid regions. This gift is its amazing nose. A camel can smell a water hole from miles away!
When a camel moves it sways from side to side like a ship on a wavy ocean. Because of this swaying motion, the camel has been called the "Ship of the Desert. "
40. The camel's hump is a storage place for
B. extra water
C. body sugars
41. We can conclude from this passage that camels
A. feel at home in the desert
B. like to carry heavy loads
C. look like ships from a distance
D. will always be useful
42. The author compares cells with water balloons in order to
A. make you think of summer
B. help you visualize the ceils
C. show how rubber is elastic
D. show how many shapes cells can have
43. The word "arid" is closest in meaning to
A group of scientists rowing toward the center of a lake saw something shocking. They turned back as fast as they could. What had they seen?. The lake was boiling!
The group was investigating a crater lake in the mountains of St. Vincent. A crater hake is the mouth of a volcano that has been dormant for some time and has filled with water.
This particular crater was the tip of a volcano called Soufriere, which erupted last in 1902. Since that time, it had not shown any signs of action. But in the fall of 1971, mountain climbers who had hiked near the lake returned to the lowlands with strange stories. They said the water had turned yellow and was giving off a smell like burnt eggs. A seething fog was rising from the lake's surface.
Local scientists rushed to Soufriere to see if this might be the beginning of a new volcanic explosion. They found a huge black mass in the middle of the water. It was a great blab 1,000 feet long and 300 feet wide. Lava had pushed up through the bottom of the lake and formed a new island.
The investigators wanted to make sure that the volcano was safe, and that the lava would notoverflow into the surrounding countryside. But they could never reach the island to study it, because the lava was so hot that the water around it bubbled and boiled.
44. This passage is about
A. mountain climbing
B. a boiling lake
C. a new volcanic island
D. a mysterious blab
45. A crater lake is at the tip of a
46. We can conclude that
A. the situation was nothing to be concerned about
B. Soufriere is still an active volcano
C. crater lakes are easy to hike to
D. Soufriere is a dead volcano
47. The writer explains the boiling water by using
Have you ever heard of a flower whose seeds are carried and spread by elephants? The rafflesia, a rare blossom, is very unusual. Found in the rain forests of Sumatra, the rafflesia is the world's largest flower, measuring three feet in diameter!
This giant flower is a parasite--it needs another plant to live on. It lacks the structures needed to survive alone. The rafflesia has no stem or leaves. It is all flower. It attaches itself to the roots of other plants and sucks their juices. The flower's favorite home is the root of the vine, which grows above ground.
The rafflesia seems to burst right out of the forest floor. Its blossom weighs fifteen pounds! It has thick, spotted petals that give off a rotten smell. The center is about the size of a household bucket. After a rain, it may hold up to twelve pints of water!
After the rafflesia dies, it becomes a pool of thick liquid in which its seeds float. Elephants wandering through the forest step into the mushy pool, and the seeds glue themselves to their feet. As the animals stomp through the forest, their sticky feet pick up twigs and leaves. The elephants try to rid themselves of the sticky mess, in the same way people try to get bubble gum off their shoes. The elephants rub their feet against the roots of the vine. In no time, seeds left on the vine grow into more monstrous flowers !
45. Elephants help to
A. provide food for the giant flower
B. water the rafflesia with their trunks
C. carry rafflesia seeds from one place to another
D. stomp out the awful smelling petals
49. From this passage, we can guess that the writer
A. likes elephants
B. has a very large garden
C. admires the wonders of nature
D. likes to measure things
50. To give us an idea of how large the rafflesia is, the author uses
A. the size of an elephant for comparison
C. comparisons to other flowers
D. detailed descriptions of the flower's stem
51. As used in this passage, "structures" means
C. necessary parts